The primary goal of engineering ethics and decision-making is to ensure the safety of the public. As such, the morals and behavior for engineers should be upright and the operations should suit their area of competency. In case an issue arises with the client, contractor, or employee, ethics emphasizes following legal measures.
Self-interest is the shadow behind the driving force of any commercial enterprise and sometimes it leads to the provision of substandard products. An engineer is allowed to act in the interest of the larger public to expose such operations. This may involve whistleblowing.
Challenges affecting engineering ethics and the decision-making process in the contemporary world involve incorporating environmental and conservation issues in their career plus adjusting to global standards.